Laboratory for Sleep, Cognition and Consciousness Research, University of Salzburg

Department of Psychology & Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience Salzburg (CCNS)

Manuel Schabus
Hellbrunnerstr 34, 5020
Contact E-mail:
Research Domain
  • Basic Human
  • Clinical
  • Behavioural Sleep Disorders
  • Learning, Memory, Cognition

Laboratory description

The laboratory for sleep and consciousness research is studying two puzzling sides of consciousness. On one hand sleep as a natural alteration of consciousness and on the other hand disorders of consciousness (DOC; i.e., VS, MCS, LIS) as pathological modifications of consciousness.

Main sleep research topics focus on brain plasticity and cognition during sleep, as well as neurofeedback in order to directly alter brain activity (in healthy as well as disordered sleep).

Our coma research is focusing on residual cognitive processing and consciousness in altered states of awareness.

Additional Descriptors, Keywords

sleep, memory, consolidation, disorders of consciousness, EEG, PSG, neurofeedback, NFT

Key Publications of the Laboratory:
Sleep-related publications:

“in press & accepted”:
Dang-Vu, T.*, Schabus, M.*, Desseilles, M., Sterpenich, V., Bonjean, M., & Maquet, P. (2010). Functional Neuroimaging Insights into the Physiology of Human Sleep. SLEEP, 33(12), 1589-1603. Impact factor: 5.949

Schabus, M. (2009). Still missing some significant ingredients. Commentary on Genzel et al. Slow wave sleep and REM sleep awakenings do not affect sleep dependent memory consolidation. SLEEP, 32(3), 291-293. Impact factor: 5.949

Schmidt, C., Collette, F., Leclercq, Y., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Berthomier, P., Berthomier, C., Philipps, C., Tinguely, G., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M, Dang-Vu, T.T., Salmon, E., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., Cajochen, C., & Peigneux, P. (2009). Homeostatic sleep pressure and responses to sustained attention in the suprachiasmatic area. Science, 324(5926), 516-519. Impact factor: 31.052

Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Rauchs, G., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Carrier, J., Moonen, G., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Phillips, C., & Maquet, P. (2008). Spontaneous neural activity during human slow wave sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105(39), 15160-15165. Impact factor: 10.369

Hoedlmoser, K., Pecherstorfer, T., Anderer, P., Doppelmayr, M., Klimesch, W. & Schabus, M. (2008). Instrumental conditioning of human sensorimotor rhythm (12-15Hz) and its impact on sleep as well as declarative learning. SLEEP, 31(10), 1401-1408. Impact factor: 4.698

Gais, S., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Darsaud, A., Desseilles, M., Rauchs, G., Schabus, M., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Maquet, P., & Peigneux, P. (2007). Sleep transforms the cerebral trace of declarative memories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(47), 18778-18783. Impact factor: 10.369

Schabus, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Albouy, G., Balteau, E., Boly, M., Carrier, J., Darsaud, A., Degueldre, C., Desseilles, M., Gais, S., Phillips, C., Rauchs, G., Schnakers, C., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Luxen, A., & Maquet, P. (2007). Hemodynamic cerebral correlates of sleep spindles during human non-REM sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(32), 13164-13169. Impact factor: 10.369

Schabus, M., Hödlmoser, K., Gruber, G., Sauter, C., Anderer, P., Klösch, G., Parapatics, S., Saletu, B., Klimesch, W., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2006). Sleep spindle-related activity in the human EEG and its relation to general cognitive and learning abilities. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23(7), 1738-1746. Impact factor: 4.110

Schabus, M., Gruber, G., Parapatics, S., Sauter, C., Klösch, G., Anderer, P., Klimesch, W., Saletu, B., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2004). Sleep spindles and their significance for declarative memory consolidation. SLEEP, 27(8), 1479-1485. Impact factor: 4.698

Disorders of Consciousness- related publications (2006-2011):

„in press & accepted“
Fellinger, R., Klimesch, W., Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Freunberger, R., Gruber, W., Laureys, S., & Schabus, M. (in press). Cognitive processes in disorders of consciousness as revealed by EEG time-frequency analyses. Clinical Neurophysiology. Impact factor: 3.476

Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Demertzi, A., Schabus, M., Noirhomme, Q., Bredart, S., Boly, M., Phillips, C., Soddu, A., Luxen, A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2011). Two distinct neuronal networks mediate the awareness of environment and of self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(3), 570-578. Impact factor: 6.658

Cologan, V., Schabus, M., LeDoux, D., Moonen, G., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2010). Sleep in disorders of consciousness. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14, 97-105. Impact factor: 6.704

Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Hustinx, R., Majerus, S., Moonen, G., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., & Laureys, S. (2009). Detecting consciousness in a total locked-in syndrome: an active event related paradigm. Neurocase, 15 (4), 271-277. Impact factor: 1.502

Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Majerus, S., Ledoux, D., Damas, P., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2008). Voluntary brain processing in disorders of consciousness. Neurology, 71, 1614-1620. Impact factor: 6.213

Laureys, S., Giacino, J.T., Schiff, N.D., Schabus, M., & Owen, A.M. (2006). How should functional imaging of patients with disorders of consciousness contribute to their clinical rehabilitation needs? Current Opinion in Neurology, 19, 520-527. Impact factor: 4.807

Perrin, F., Schnakers, C., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Goldman, S., Brédart, S., Faymonville, M.E., Lamy, M., Moonen, G., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2006). Brain response to one’s own name in vegetative state, minimally conscious state and locked-in syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 63(4), 562-569. Impact factor: 6.213
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