Laboratory for Sleep and Consciousness Research, University of Salzburg

Dept. Psychology

Contact:
Manuel Schabus
Position:
Ass.-Prof.Dr.
Address:
Hellbrunnerstr 34, 5020
City:
Salzburg
Country:
Austria
Phone:
+43-662-8044-5113
Fax:
+43-662-8044-5126
Contact E-mail:
Research Domain
Keywords

Laboratory description

The laboratory for sleep and consciousness research is studying two puzzling sides of consciousness. On one hand sleep as a natural alteration of consciousness and on the other hand disorders of consciousness (DOC; i.e., VS, MCS, LIS) as pathological modifications of consciousness.

Main sleep research topics focus on brain plasticity and cognition during sleep, as well as neurofeedback in order to directly alter brain activity (in healthy as well as disordered sleep).

Our coma research is focusing on residual cognitive processing and consciousness in altered states of awareness.


Technical Capabilities and areas of expertise

PSG, EEG, time-frequency analysis, neurofeedback. Sleep and cognition, with special focus on sleep mechanisms such as sleep spindles and slow waves.


Additional Descriptors, Keywords

sleep, memory, consolidation, disorders of consciousness, EEG, PSG, neurofeedback, NFT


Selected Publications in the 5 past years:

Sleep-related publications (2006-2011):

“in press & accepted”:
Hoedlmoser, K., Dang-Vu, T.T., Desseilles, M., & Schabus, M. (in press). Non-pharmacological alternatives for the treatment of insomnia – Instrumental EEG conditioning, a new alternative? In Y.E. Soriento (Ed.), Melatonin, Sleep and Insomnia. Nova Science Publishers.

Hoedlmoser, K., Griessenberger, H., Fellinger, R., Freunberger, R., Klimesch, W., Gruber, W., & Schabus, M. (in press). Event-related activity and phase locking during a psychomotor vigilance task over the course of sleep deprivation. Journal of Sleep Research. Impact factor: 3.653.

2011
Darsaud, A., Dehon, H., Lahl, O., Sterpenich, V., Boly, M., Dang-Vu, T., Desseilles, M., Gais, S., Matarazzo, L., Schabus, M., Schmidt, C., Vandewalle, G., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., & Collette, F. (2011). Does Sleep Promote False Memories? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23(1), 26-40. Impact factor: 6.658

2010
Dang-Vu, T.*, Schabus, M.*, Desseilles, M., Sterpenich, V., Bonjean, M., & Maquet, P. (2010). Functional Neuroimaging Insights into the Physiology of Human Sleep. SLEEP, 33(12), 1589-1603. Impact factor: 5.949

Darsaud, A., Wagner, U., Balteau, E., Desseilles, M., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Albouy, G., Dang-Vu, T., Collette, F., Boly, M., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., & Maquet, P. (2010). Neural Precursors of Delayed Insight. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. Impact factor: 6.658

Hoedlmoser, K., Kloesch, G., Wiater, A., & Schabus, M. (2010) Self-reported sleep patterns, sleep problems and behavioural problems among Austrian school children aged 8 – 11 years. Somnologie, 14(1), 23–31. Impact factor: –

2009
Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Cologan, V., & Maquet, P. (2009). Sleep: Implications for Theories of Dreaming and Consciousness. In W. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Consciousness (pp. 357-373). Oxford (UK): Elsevier.

Leclercq, Y., Balteau, E., Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., & Phillips, C. (2009). Rejection of pulse related artefact (PRA) from continuous electroencephalographic (EEG) time series recorded during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using constraint independent component analysis (cICA). NeuroImage, 44(3), 679-691. Impact factor: 7.168

Schabus, M. (2009). Still missing some significant ingredients. Commentary on Genzel et al. Slow wave sleep and REM sleep awakenings do not affect sleep dependent memory consolidation. SLEEP, 32(3), 291-293. Impact factor: 5.949

Schmidt, C., Collette, F., Leclercq, Y., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Berthomier, P., Berthomier, C., Philipps, C., Tinguely, G., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M, Dang-Vu, T.T., Salmon, E., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., Cajochen, C., & Peigneux, P. (2009). Homeostatic sleep pressure and responses to sustained attention in the suprachiasmatic area. Science, 324(5926), 516-519. Impact factor: 31.052

Schmitz, R., Schabus, M., Perrin, F., Luxen, A., Maquet, P. & Peigneux, P. (2009). Recurrent boosting effects of short inactivity delays on performance: an ERPs study. BMC Research Notes, 2:170. Impact factor: –

2008
Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Rauchs, G., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Carrier, J., Moonen, G., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Phillips, C., & Maquet, P. (2008). Spontaneous neural activity during human slow wave sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105(39), 15160-15165. Impact factor: 10.369

Desseilles, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Sterpenich, V., Maquet, P., & Schwartz, S. (2008). Neuroimaging insights into the pathophysiology of sleep disorders. SLEEP, 31(6), 777-794. Impact factor: 4.698

Hoedlmoser, K., Pecherstorfer, T., Anderer, P., Doppelmayr, M., Klimesch, W. & Schabus, M. (2008). Instrumental conditioning of human sensorimotor rhythm (12-15Hz) and its impact on sleep as well as declarative learning. SLEEP, 31(10), 1401-1408. Impact factor: 4.698

Rauchs, G.*, Schabus, M.*, Parapatics, S., Bertran, F., Clochon, P., Hot, P., Denise, P., Desgranges, B., Eustache, F., Gruber, G., & Anderer, P. (2008). Is there a link between sleep changes and memory in Alzheimer’s disease? Neuroreport, 19(11), 1159-1162. Impact factor: 2.484

Schabus, M., Hoedlmoser, K., Pecherstorfer, T., Anderer, P., Gruber, G., Parapatics, S., Sauter, C., Klösch, G., Klimesch, W., Saletu, B., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2008). Interindividual sleep spindle differences and their relation to learning-related enhancements. Brain Research, 1191, 127-35. Impact factor: 2.375

2007
Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M., Schwartz, S., & Maquet, P. (2007). Neuroimaging of REM sleep and dreaming. In P. McNamara & D. Barrett (Eds.). New Science of Dreaming (pp. 95-113). Westport (Connecticut, USA): Praeger

Gais, S., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Darsaud, A., Desseilles, M., Rauchs, G., Schabus, M., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Maquet, P., & Peigneux, P. (2007). Sleep transforms the cerebral trace of declarative memories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(47), 18778-18783. Impact factor: 10.369

Schabus, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Albouy, G., Balteau, E., Boly, M., Carrier, J., Darsaud, A., Degueldre, C., Desseilles, M., Gais, S., Phillips, C., Rauchs, G., Schnakers, C., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Luxen, A., & Maquet, P. (2007). Hemodynamic cerebral correlates of sleep spindles during human non-REM sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(32), 13164-13169. Impact factor: 10.369

Sterpenich, V., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Vandewalle, G., Darsaud, A., Balteau, E., Dang-Vu, T.T., Desseilles, M., D’Argembeau, A., Gais, S., Rauchs, G., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Collette, F., & Maquet, P. (2007). Sleep-related hippocampo-cortical interplay during emotional memory consolidation. PLoS Biology, 5(11), e282. Impact factor: 14.991

2006
Berner, I.*, Schabus, M.*, Wienerroither, T., & Klimesch, W. (2006). The significance of sigma neurofeedback training and sleep spindles for aspects of declarative memory. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 31(2), 97-114. Impact factor: 1.661

Schabus, M., Hödlmoser, K., Gruber, G., Sauter, C., Anderer, P., Klösch, G., Parapatics, S., Saletu, B., Klimesch, W., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2006). Sleep spindle-related activity in the human EEG and its relation to general cognitive and learning abilities. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23(7), 1738-1746. Impact factor: 4.110

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Disorders of Consciousness- related publications (2006-2011):

„in press & accepted“
Demertzi, A., Bruno, M-A., Schabus, M., Weilhart, K., Roehm, D., & Laureys, S. (in press). Wachkoma: medizinische Grundlagen und neurowissenschaftliche Revolution. In R. J. Jox, G. D. Borasio, & K. Kühlmeyer, Leben im Koma: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf das Problem des Wachkomas. Stuttgart, Germany: W. Kohlhammer GmbH.

Fellinger, R., Klimesch, W., Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Freunberger, R., Gruber, W., Laureys, S., & Schabus, M. (in press). Cognitive processes in disorders of consciousness as revealed by EEG time-frequency analyses. Clinical Neurophysiology. Impact factor: 3.476

Schabus, M., Pelikan, C., Chwala-Schlegel, N., Weilhart, K., Roehm, D., Donis, J., Michitsch, G., Pichler, G., Klimesch, W. (in press). Oscillatory brain activity in vegetative and minimally conscious state during a sentence comprehension task.
Functional Neurology. Impact factor: 1.077

2011
Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Demertzi, A., Schabus, M., Noirhomme, Q., Bredart, S., Boly, M., Phillips, C., Soddu, A., Luxen, A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2011). Two distinct neuronal networks mediate the awareness of environment and of self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(3), 570-578. Impact factor: 6.658

2010
Cologan, V., Schabus, M., LeDoux, D., Moonen, G., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2010). Sleep in disorders of consciousness. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14, 97-105. Impact factor: 6.704

2009
Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Hustinx, R., Majerus, S., Moonen, G., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., & Laureys, S. (2009). Detecting consciousness in a total locked-in syndrome: an active event related paradigm. Neurocase, 15 (4), 271-277. Impact factor: 1.502

2008
Boly, M., Phillips, C., Tshibanda, L., Vanhaudenhuyse, A, Schabus, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Moonen, G., Hustinx, R., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2008). Intrinsic brain activity in altered stated of consciousness – how conscious is the default mode of brain function? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1129, 119–129. Impact factor: 2.077

Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Majerus, S., Ledoux, D., Damas, P., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2008). Voluntary brain processing in disorders of consciousness. Neurology, 71, 1614-1620. Impact factor: 6.213

2006
Laureys, S., Giacino, J.T., Schiff, N.D., Schabus, M., & Owen, A.M. (2006). How should functional imaging of patients with disorders of consciousness contribute to their clinical rehabilitation needs? Current Opinion in Neurology, 19, 520-527. Impact factor: 4.807

Perrin, F., Schnakers, C., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Goldman, S., Brédart, S., Faymonville, M.E., Lamy, M., Moonen, G., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2006). Brain response to one’s own name in vegetative state, minimally conscious state and locked-in syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 63(4), 562-569. Impact factor: 6.213


Key Publications of the Laboratory:

Sleep-related publications:

“in press & accepted”:
2010
Dang-Vu, T.*, Schabus, M.*, Desseilles, M., Sterpenich, V., Bonjean, M., & Maquet, P. (2010). Functional Neuroimaging Insights into the Physiology of Human Sleep. SLEEP, 33(12), 1589-1603. Impact factor: 5.949

Schabus, M. (2009). Still missing some significant ingredients. Commentary on Genzel et al. Slow wave sleep and REM sleep awakenings do not affect sleep dependent memory consolidation. SLEEP, 32(3), 291-293. Impact factor: 5.949

Schmidt, C., Collette, F., Leclercq, Y., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Berthomier, P., Berthomier, C., Philipps, C., Tinguely, G., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M, Dang-Vu, T.T., Salmon, E., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., Cajochen, C., & Peigneux, P. (2009). Homeostatic sleep pressure and responses to sustained attention in the suprachiasmatic area. Science, 324(5926), 516-519. Impact factor: 31.052

Dang-Vu, T.T., Schabus, M., Desseilles, M., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Darsaud, A., Gais, S., Rauchs, G., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Carrier, J., Moonen, G., Balteau, E., Degueldre, C., Luxen, A., Phillips, C., & Maquet, P. (2008). Spontaneous neural activity during human slow wave sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105(39), 15160-15165. Impact factor: 10.369

Hoedlmoser, K., Pecherstorfer, T., Anderer, P., Doppelmayr, M., Klimesch, W. & Schabus, M. (2008). Instrumental conditioning of human sensorimotor rhythm (12-15Hz) and its impact on sleep as well as declarative learning. SLEEP, 31(10), 1401-1408. Impact factor: 4.698

2007
Gais, S., Albouy, G., Boly, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Darsaud, A., Desseilles, M., Rauchs, G., Schabus, M., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Maquet, P., & Peigneux, P. (2007). Sleep transforms the cerebral trace of declarative memories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(47), 18778-18783. Impact factor: 10.369

Schabus, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., Albouy, G., Balteau, E., Boly, M., Carrier, J., Darsaud, A., Degueldre, C., Desseilles, M., Gais, S., Phillips, C., Rauchs, G., Schnakers, C., Sterpenich, V., Vandewalle, G., Luxen, A., & Maquet, P. (2007). Hemodynamic cerebral correlates of sleep spindles during human non-REM sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104(32), 13164-13169. Impact factor: 10.369

Schabus, M., Hödlmoser, K., Gruber, G., Sauter, C., Anderer, P., Klösch, G., Parapatics, S., Saletu, B., Klimesch, W., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2006). Sleep spindle-related activity in the human EEG and its relation to general cognitive and learning abilities. European Journal of Neuroscience, 23(7), 1738-1746. Impact factor: 4.110

2004
Schabus, M., Gruber, G., Parapatics, S., Sauter, C., Klösch, G., Anderer, P., Klimesch, W., Saletu, B., & Zeitlhofer, J. (2004). Sleep spindles and their significance for declarative memory consolidation. SLEEP, 27(8), 1479-1485. Impact factor: 4.698

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Disorders of Consciousness- related publications (2006-2011):

„in press & accepted“
Fellinger, R., Klimesch, W., Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Freunberger, R., Gruber, W., Laureys, S., & Schabus, M. (in press). Cognitive processes in disorders of consciousness as revealed by EEG time-frequency analyses. Clinical Neurophysiology. Impact factor: 3.476

Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Demertzi, A., Schabus, M., Noirhomme, Q., Bredart, S., Boly, M., Phillips, C., Soddu, A., Luxen, A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2011). Two distinct neuronal networks mediate the awareness of environment and of self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(3), 570-578. Impact factor: 6.658

2010
Cologan, V., Schabus, M., LeDoux, D., Moonen, G., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2010). Sleep in disorders of consciousness. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14, 97-105. Impact factor: 6.704

2009
Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Hustinx, R., Majerus, S., Moonen, G., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., & Laureys, S. (2009). Detecting consciousness in a total locked-in syndrome: an active event related paradigm. Neurocase, 15 (4), 271-277. Impact factor: 1.502

2008
Schnakers, C., Perrin, F., Schabus, M., Majerus, S., Ledoux, D., Damas, P., Boly, M., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Bruno, M.A., Moonen, G., & Laureys, S. (2008). Voluntary brain processing in disorders of consciousness. Neurology, 71, 1614-1620. Impact factor: 6.213

2006
Laureys, S., Giacino, J.T., Schiff, N.D., Schabus, M., & Owen, A.M. (2006). How should functional imaging of patients with disorders of consciousness contribute to their clinical rehabilitation needs? Current Opinion in Neurology, 19, 520-527. Impact factor: 4.807

Perrin, F., Schnakers, C., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Goldman, S., Brédart, S., Faymonville, M.E., Lamy, M., Moonen, G., Luxen, A., Maquet, P., & Laureys, S. (2006). Brain response to one’s own name in vegetative state, minimally conscious state and locked-in syndrome. Archives of Neurology, 63(4), 562-569. Impact factor: 6.213


Current/Completed Grants (past 5 years):

The “Austrian Science Fund (FWF)” sponsored the following projects:

10/2009 – 03/2012 Sensorimotor conditioning as a primary insomnia treatment (P21154-B18, €308.949,-; principal investigator: Ass.-Prof. Dr. Schabus)

01/2009 – 01/2012 Sleep and cognitive performance in children (T397, Herta Firnberg Fellowship, €186.540,-; principal investigator: Dr. Hödlmoser)

06/2005 – 10/2007 Sleep spindles and brain plasticity (J2470, Erwin Schrödinger Fellowship, principal investigator: Dr. Schabus)

12/2004 – 05/2006 The effect of napping on memory consolidation (P15370-B02, €171.811,50; principal investigator: Prof. Zeitlhofer)

09/2004 – 05/2005 Sleep and memory consolidation (P15370, €395.576,-; principal investigator: Prof. Zeitlhofer)

“Fonds Healthy Austria” sponsored the following projects:

01/2009 – 12/2011 Fit4School (P1689, €19.807,-; principal investigator: Dr. Kerstin Hödlmoser)

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