Sleep Science Friday: Sleep Medicine Textbook Chief Editors Statement
19 November 2021
In an in-depth interview with all four Editors of the Sleep Medicine Textbook 2nd Edition, Prof. Dr. Claudio Bassetti, Prof. Dr. Walter McNicholas, Prof. Dr. Philippe Peigneux and Prof. Dr. Tiina Paunio all give an insightful look into the history, application and relevance of the textbook, since its first publication in 2014.
The idea of developing a textbook was initially born out of the establishment of the Sleep Medicine Exam under the presidency of Prof. Dr. Claudio Bassetti (2008-2012). However, the textbook was only actualized under the presidency of Prof. Dr. Philippe Peigneux (2012-2016).
It was initially intended to be the preparation material for examinees, but now it can be used as a reference work for anyone with an interest in sleep.
The general structure of the textbook was based on the Catalogue of Knowledge and Skills (first published in 2014, but most recently updated in 2021). These updates were deemed necessary, in line with the dramatic and rapid evolution of sleep medicine and sleep research, as well as the increased interest to learn about it.
One major takeaway from the new version of the textbook, is how much it has expanded. Having almost doubled in size, the 2nd edition now features specific chapters on how sleep relates to other fields or aspects of medicine, underscoring the bidirectional relationship that sleep has with them all, in medicine and clinical practice.
Previously, we have highlighted several textbook chapters including sleep and stroke, sleep and cardiovascular diseases and further in this article, we’ll look at sleep and neurology.
Highlights of this interview include:
- An evolution of the Sleep Medicine Textbook
- Tackling a textbook of 1000+ pages
- The Sleep Medicine Examination
- Sleep and neurology
Listen to their interview to get more details on the Sleep Medicine Textbook 2nd Edition.
Sleep & Neurology
As mentioned by Prof. Dr. Bassetti in the interview above, “sleep comes from the brain. We know that one of the main reasons for which we sleep is actually to rest, to restore our brain and also to promote different brain functions. We understand that without good sleep, our brain is not functioning well”.
He, especially in his capacity of President of the European Academy of Neurology, and the Sleep Medicine Textbook 2nd Edition underscore the vital interconnection between sleep and neurology. Here’s a summary of what that chapter entails:
“A bidirectional link exists between sleep and neurological disorders, but unfortunately, this knowledge is often neglected by neurologists and sleep physicians. First, sleep-wake circadian disturbances (SWCD) are risk factors for neurological disorders: long sleep duration and sleep-disordered breathing [SDB] for stroke; insomnia and circadian disturbances for Alzheimer disease [AD]; rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorders [RBD] for Parkinson disease [PD]. Second,Sleep SWCD are very common in neurological disorders: fatigue is present in >50% of patients with stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS) and PD; excessive daytime sleepiness in >20% of patients with PD, AD, stroke, migraine, epilepsy, and neuromuscular disorders; insomnia in 50%-90% of patients with PD and >20% of patients with AD, stroke, MS, epilepsy, and migraine; SDB in >50% of patients with stroke and >20% with PD, MS, epilepsy, headache syndromes, and neuromuscular disorders; restless legs syndrome in >10% of patients with PD, MS, and headache syndromes; RBD in >50% of patients with PD. Third, SWCD in neurological disorders negatively affect cognition, functional outcome, mortality, and quality of life. The best management strategies for SWCD in neurological patients remain unclear for most situations, although effective treatment options are increasing. More research is needed to understand the link between neurological disorders and SWCD and the potential of targeting SWCD to prevent or modulate the course (and eventually outcome) of neurological disorders.”
Bassetti, C. (2021). M. Sleep and Neurology 1. Overview. In Bassetti, C., McNicholas, W., Paunio, T., & Peigneux, P. (Eds.). Sleep Medicine Textbook (2nd ed., pp. 903-913). Regensburg: European Sleep Research Society.
Purchase your very own copy of the Sleep Medicine Textbook 2nd Edition, now available in print and digital versions.
2022 ESRS Examination in Sleep Medicine
ESRS Funding Opportunities
Recent publications from ESRS members:
- Forsberg et al. (2021). Ion concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid in wakefulness, sleep and sleep deprivation in healthy humans. J Sleep Res.
- Chylinski et al. (2021). Heterogeneity in the links between sleep arousals, amyloid-beta and cognition. JCI Insight.
- Baillieul et al. (2021). Sleep-disordered breathing and ventilator chemosensitivity in first ischaemic stroke patients: a prospective cohort study. Thorax.
- Le-Dong et al. (2021). Machine Learning-based Sleep Staging in Patients with Sleep Apnea Using a Single Mandibular Movement Signal. Am J Respir Crit Care Med.
- Sagaspe et al. (2021). Self-perceived sleep during the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test: how does it predict accidental risk in patients with sleep disorders? Sleep.
- Beck, Loretz & Rasch (2021). Exposure to relaxing words during sleep promotes slow-wave sleep and subjective sleep quality. Sleep.
- Ferri et al. (2021). Increased chin muscle tone during all sleep stages in children taking selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants and in children with narcolepsy type 1. Sleep.
- Grydeland et al. (2021). Self-reported sleep relates to microstructural hippocampal decline in ß-amyloid positive Adults beyond genetic risk. Sleep.
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